We recently identified five different murine CYP2C cDNAs from a murine cDNA library. When expressed in a bacterial cDNA expression system, all five recombinant proteins metabolized arachidonic acid but produced distinctly different profiles. In addition, some CYP2C mRNAs were found in extrahepatic tissues, as well as in liver. Immunoblots with an antibody raised against recombinant CYP2C38, which recognizes all five murine CYP2Cs, demonstrated that among extrahepatic tissues, colon and cecum contained the highest amount of CYP2Cs. The highest concentration of CYP2Cs occurred in cecum and colon (cecum ≥ proximal colon ≫ distal colon), with lower levels in duodenum, jejunum, and ileum. Immunohistochemical studies revealed that CYP2Cs were localized principally in epithelial cells and autonomic ganglia in gut and colon. Polymerase chain reaction amplification of reverse-transcribed mRNA using murine CYP2C-specific primers followed by cloning and sequencing identified CYP2C40 as the major CYP2C isoform expressed in murine intestinal tract. Recombinant CYP2C40 metabolized arachidonic acid in a regio- and stereospecific manner to 16(R)-HETE (hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid) as the major product. To our knowledge, CYP2C40 is the first enzyme known to produce primarily 16-HETE. We conclude that CYP2C40 is one of the major cytochrome P450 proteins in the mouse intestinal tract. In the light of vasoactive and anti-neutrophilic effects of 16-HETE, we hypothesize that CYP2C40 may play an important role in endogenous biological functions in intestine.
- Received December 28, 1999.
- Accepted May 17, 2000.
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