Table 1

Age, gender, and pathological diagnosis for patients from whom the renal tissue used to perform these experiments was obtained

Human kidney samples
Women (n = 49)Men (n = 78)
Age, (yr) (mean ± SD)61.9 ± 12.661.2 ± 12.3
Range (yr)25–8521–86
Pathological diagnosis
 Renal cell carcinoma3856
 Ureteral transitional cell carcinoma13
 Renal pelvis transitional cell  carcinoma18
 Pyelonephritis01
 Renal vein adventitial tumor10
 Angiomyolipoma20
 Renal oncocytoma23
 Leiomyosarcoma12
 Atherosclerosis of the renal artery01
 Adrenal cortical carcinoma10
 Renal cyst22
 Trauma01
 Adenocarcinoma of the prostate01