%0 Journal Article
%A Puia, G
%A Vicini, S
%A Seeburg, P H
%A Costa, E
%T Influence of recombinant gamma-aminobutyric acid-A receptor subunit composition on the action of allosteric modulators of gamma-aminobutyric acid-gated Cl- currents.
%D 1991
%J Molecular Pharmacology
%P 691-696
%V 39
%N 6
%X gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA)-activated Cl- currents in neonatal rat cortical neurons and in cultured cells engineered for the expression of specific molecular forms of the GABAA receptor alpha, beta, and gamma subunits, were recorded with the patch-clamp technique in the whole-cell configuration. The effects of various allosteric modulators of GABAA receptors were determined. Diazepam and clonazepam showed greater efficacy as positive modulators of GABA-elicited currents in alpha 2 beta 1 gamma 2 or alpha 3 beta 1 gamma 2 receptors than in alpha 1 beta 1 gamma 2 or alpha 5 beta 1 gamma 2 receptors or in cortical neurons. Alpidem was more efficacious at alpha 1 beta 1 gamma 2 or alpha 2 beta 1 gamma 2 receptors than at alpha 1 beta 1 gamma 2 or alpha 5 beta 1 gamma 2 receptors or in cortical neurons. Conversely, zolpidem was equally efficacious for all these receptors except for alpha 5 beta 1 gamma 2. Both imidazopyridines (alpidem and zolpidem) were virtually ineffective at modulating the GABA response of alpha 5 beta 1 gamma 2 receptors and in almost all the receptors assembled from alpha 1, alpha 2, alpha 3 or alpha 5 subunits together with beta 1 and gamma 1 subunits. The beta-carboline derivatives methyl-6,7-dimethoxy-4-ethyl-beta-carboline-3-carboxylate (DMCM) and methyl-beta-carboline-3-carboxylate (beta-CCM) elicited a positive allosteric modulation of alpha 1 beta 1 gamma 1 or alpha 2 beta 1 gamma 1 receptors, whereas they acted as negative allosteric modulators at nearly all other receptors tested, as they do in cortical neurons. Although the positive allosteric modulation by beta-carbolines never exceeded a doubling of the GABA response, DMCM was more efficacious at alpha 1 beta 1 gamma 1 receptors and beta-CCM was more efficacious at alpha 2 beta 1 gamma 1 receptors. DMCM was inactive at alpha 3 beta 1 gamma 1 receptors, whereas beta-CCM was virtually inactive at alpha 5 beta 1 gamma 1 receptors. The benzodiazepine 4'-chlorodiazepam, which is a negative modulator resistent to flumazenil inhibition, acted at all the various GABAA receptors that contained a gamma subunit.
%U https://molpharm.aspetjournals.org/content/molpharm/39/6/691.full.pdf